Soccer shoes are usually made of synthetic leather because it molds to the foot better than other materials. Kangaroo leather has become popular of late because of its strength and suppleness.
Cleats are the plastic or rubber points on the bottom of a soccer shoe that provide traction. The type of cleat pattern on the outsole varies depending on the playing surface. Soccer shoes are laced and have a heel cup for firm support.
There are four basic types of shoes you can wear depending on the type of surface you play on.
Soft ground: Generally worn for play on soft ground and usually have six permanent or replaceable studs on the bottom of the shoe.
Firm ground: These are the traditional soccer shoes that most kids wear. They have multi-cleats, with anywhere from 12 to 15 studs.
Hard ground: Shoes for play on hard ground have about 25 short studs. They are a good choice for day-to-day training, as more studs offer your feet more support and better traction. There are more pressure points to evenly distribute your weight across the bottom of the shoe.
Turf shoes: These can either have a flat bottom (for indoor use), or hundred’s of little nubs (for outdoor use). The small bevels on the outdoor version help you grip outdoor turf, and offer slightly increased support if the ground is wet.